If you want to enhance cardiovascular health, then Omega-3 fatty acid medications are a must. Nowadays, there is an immense increase in obesity and diabetes, as well as their complications. According to the American Heart Association, high triglyceride level is another major complication that occurs.
Research suggests that prescription medication with omega-3 fatty acids may have huge cardiovascular benefits. These triglycerides are fats in the blood, and some of them are naturally produced by the liver. On the other hand, some others come from calories which are not used by the body immediately. If a person takes in high calories, then there is a huge chance of high triglyceride count.
There is a considerable increase in the risk of a person having a heart attack or heart stroke as it may cause narrowing of the arteries. Reports suggest that approximately a quarter of the adult population in the United States may have triglyceride levels, which are above 150 mg/dl. When it crosses the level, i.e., above 500 mg/dl, then it may result in inflammation of the pancreas which is also known as pancreatitis.
However, there are several ways to minimize triglyceride levels such as doing regular exercise, reduction in alcohol consumption, and eliminating sugar as well as refined carbohydrates. There are various other steps for the maintenance of healthy weight.
Currently, there are two triglyceride-lowering prescriptions exist. Both of them comprises of omega-3 fatty acids, whereas one has a fatty acid called eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and other is a combination of EPA with a second fatty acid: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the prescription omega-3 fatty acid medication only for the treatment of triglyceride levels, which are immensely high, i.e., above 500 mg/dl.
According to the authors of the current advisory, a 4-gram daily dosage could minimize the triglyceride levels of 200–499 mg/dl between 20% and 30%. This would apply to the majority of people with high triglyceride levels. Researchers also stated that medication comprising of both EPA and DHA did not increase the levels of LDL cholesterol, which is the “bad” type, in people having triglyceride levels below 500 mg/dl.
According to the research, people having high triglyceride levels who took EPA-only medication along with statin therapy has a 25% decrease in major cardiovascular events such as stroke and heart attack.
Experts also suggest that one should not have the treatment of high triglyceride levels with nonprescription omega-3 supplements as dietary supplements having omega-3 fatty acids are not regulated by the FDA. For the long term management of high triglycerides, these supplements should not be used in place of prescription medication.
AHA also recommends that consumption of omega-3 fatty acids in fish could minimize the heart disease and stroke risk and states that eating oily fish, like mackerel, salmon, lake trout, and albacore tuna, twice a week will be beneficial.
When the heart can’t pump blood around the body, then it is known as the congestive heart failure. Cardiovascular disease affects the heart and blood vessels. The various kinds of heart diseases are coronary artery disease, angina, and heart failure. If one follow a heart-healthy diet and exercise regularly, then you can prevent it.